European Commission EU Science Hub FAIRMODE


Forum for air quality modelling in Europe

  • Documents

    FAIRMODE recommendations regarding modelling applications in the frame of the ambient air quality directives

    Web link FAIRMODE

    The recommendations in this document are part of FAIRMODE’s contribution to the on-going fitness check of the two EU Ambient Air Quality Directives (Directives 2008/50/EC and 2004/107/EC) initiated by the European Commission. This document provides technical recommendations where the scientific consensus within FAIRMODE indicates that robust conclusions can be drawn, and identifies follow up actions. These recommendations might potentially affect the work of Member States in case they may be requested to be implemented. They may also be relevant to the outcome and follow-up to the fitness check of the Air Quality Directives. Finally, they have implications for the work of the FAIRMODE network itself, and guide future technical discussions.

    Guidance Document on Modelling Quality Objectives and Benchmarking

    Download FAIRMODE

    The main purpose of this Guidance Document is to explain and summarize the current concepts of the modelling quality objective methodology, elaborated in various papers and documents in the FAIRMODE community, addressing mainly model applications for air quality assessment. Other goals of the Document are linked to presentation and explanation of templates for harmonized reporting of modelling results. Giving an overview of still open issues in the implementation of the presented methodology, the Document aims at triggering further research and discussions.

    Fairmode recommendations on e-reporting

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    The document summarizes the work carried out under FAIRMODE to support the implementation of the e-reporting process, with particular reference to modelled data. It consisted in three main activities: a) a survey to investigate what are the limiting factors for member states to report modelled data, b) answering the questions received from EEA about model formats and model code lists, and c) providing advice on the section "Plans and Programmes" including the recommendations about source apportionment.

    SPECIEUROPE: The European database for PM source profiles

    Download WG3-Source App.

    A new methodology to assess the performance and uncertainty of source apportionment models II: The results of two European intercomparison exercises

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    How to start with PM modelling for air quality assessment and planning relevant to the Air Quality Directive. ETC/ACM Technical Paper 2013/11

    Web link WG1-Assessment

    L. Rouil (INERIS, FR) B. Bessagnet (INERIS, FR)

    European guide on air pollution source apportionment with receptor models

    Download WG3-Source App.

    Recommendations from FAIRMODE to the review of the EU Air Quality Policy

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    Guide on modelling Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) for air quality assessment and planning relevant to the European Air Quality Directive. ETC/ACM Technical Paper 2011/15

    Web link R. Denby (NILU)

    Contribution: ETC/ACC, ETC/ACM Consortium

    The application of models under the European Union's Air Quality Directive: A technical reference guide.

    Web link

    Tools and databases

    DELTASA - Delta tool for Source Apportionment

    Web link WG3-Source App.

    DeltaSA is an on-line tool to assess source apportionment model outputs. It works in two different modes. The first is the source chemical profiles similarity test (CPS) accomplished by comparing those obtained by the user with more than one thousand PM10/PM2.5 source measured chemical profiles from the online SPECIATE (US-EPA) and SPECIEUROPE repositories. This configuration is intended to support practitioners in the identification of factors during the execution of factor analytical tools. The second mode consists in a complete test of the model performance (MP) using a testing dataset and reference values generated in the framework of inter-comparison exercises organized by the European Commission - JRC.

    To access the tool new users have to follow a short online registration procedure.

    SHERPA - Screening for High Emission Reduction Potential on Air

    Web link

    SHERPA (Screening for High Emission Reduction Potential on Air) is a Java/Python tool, which allows for a rapid exploration of potential air quality improvements resulting from national/regional/local emission reduction measures. The tool has been developed with the aim of supporting national, regional and local authorities in the design and assessment of their air quality plans.
    SHERPA can also provide input data to be used RIAT+ (The Regional Integrated Assessment Tool), a more advanced tool for Integrated Assessment Modeling dealing with the cost-effectiveness of measures.

    EU Composite Maps

    Web link WG1-Assessment WG2-Emission

    FAIRMODE-WG1 proposes to initiate an activity aiming at collecting and assembling modelled air quality maps, following the work initiated in the ETC/ACM pilot study. The objective is to create a bottom-up composition map of air quality over Europe. National/regional agencies or modelling teams are encouraged to provide their best available air quality map for their particular region and those maps will be compiled into an (hopefully) EU-wide bottom-up composite map. This mapping exercise will be used as common platform within FAIRMODE.

    SPECIEUROPE Database

    Web link WG3-Source App.

    SPECIEUROPE is a repository of source profiles developed by the JRC in the framework of FAIRMODE WG3. The target users are source apportionment and emission experts working on the identification of atmospheric pollution sources in urban or background areas in Europe. In order maximize the compatibility with existing systems, the encoding of species in SPECIEUROPE is coherent with the one of the well-known US-EPA SPECIATE repository for north-American sources.

    Delta Tool: a tool for air quality models benchmarking

    Web link WG1-Assessment

    The DELTA software is an IDL-based evaluation software which includes the main assets of the EuroDelta, CityDelta, and POMI tools (Cuvelier et al. 2007; Thunis et al. 2007.). It allows to perform a rapid diagnostic of the model performances. DELTA focuses on the pollutants mentioned in the AQ directive and addresses all relevant spatial scales (from local to regional).

    MDS - Model Documentation System

    Web link

    Catalogue Of Air Quality Measures

    Web link WG4-Planning

    The "Catalogue of Measures" supports the implementation of the Air Quality Directive by providing a selected number of successful (best practice) and unsuccessful Air Quality measures. This database is intended for officials responsible for air quality assessment, planning and management on the national, regional and local level.